Abilene Courts at 633 South Eleventh Street, a defunct. The Grace Museum, comprising an art museum, a historical museum, and a children’s museum, is a local landmark, now listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The orchestra draws an audience from more than 50 Texas cities each year for its concerts at the Abilene Convention Center. It is the county seat of Taylor County. Headquarters of the latter institution are located in the city. In a three-to-one vote, they won the county election to do so. , The Abilene Regional Medical Center was built by a group of physicians in 1968 as the West Texas Medical Center. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. One is Iris Abilene Camp Barkeley founded by Norm and Angel Poorman, affiliated with Heidi Baker, and the other is the Transformation School of Supernatural Ministry (TSSM) founded by Amy Black.. Our vast open spaces give room to dream, to explore, and to do things you can’t find anywhere else. The West Texas Fair, rodeos, and livestock shows are annual events. Grit, determination, resilience. Abilene is located off Interstate 20, between exits 279 on its western edge and 292 on the east. Abilene has become the commercial, retail, medical, and transportation hub of a 19-county area more commonly known as "The Big Country", but also known as the "Texas Midwest". By the end of the first day, 139 lots were sold for a total of $23,810, and another 178 lots were sold the next day for $27,550. Abilene is home to six colleges, three of which are religiously affiliated. The four areas will be divided among each of the four middle schools in the district. According to the United States Census Bureau, Abilene has a total area of 112.2 sq mi (290.6 km2), of which 106.8 sq mi (276.6 km2) are land and 5.4 sq mi (14.0 km2) are covered by water (4.82%). In 1960, a second high school was added to the city's school system, Cooper High School. The city of Abilene is served by Abilene Regional Airport. The cultural aspects of Abilene revolve around a mix of the local college and university campuses, the agriculture community of the surrounding area, and the numerous evangelical churches present. It opened as Abilene High School in 1924, then became Lincoln Junior High in 1955, then Lincoln Middle School in 1985, and closed in 2007. Of the 41,570 households, 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.4% were not families. About 10.9% of families and 15.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.6% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over. The 2,250-bed French Robertson Prison Unit was built in 1989. Founded in 1881 as the new railhead (built by the Texas and Pacific Railway) for the overland Texas cattle drives, it took not only the business of the previous railhead, Abilene, Kansas, but also its biblical name, which in Hebrew means “grassy plain.” The city’s economy, originally based solely on livestock and agriculture, has expanded to include industry. The Abilene Reporter-News is the primary daily newspaper of the city of Abilene and the surrounding Big Country area. Abilene...On Catclaw Creek: A Profile of a West Texas Town (Abilene, Texas: Reporter Publishing, 1969), Katharyn Duff and Betty Kay Seibt. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Welcome to Abilene, Texas Texas, we have this. Also of note is the annual Abilene High vs. Cooper High football game, the Crosstown Showdown, usually held near Halloween. The Abilene Housing Authority (AHA) provides affordable housing options to 20 counties in West Central Texas. Abilene is also home to the restored Paramount Theatre, The Abilene Philharmonic, The Grace Museum, the Center for Contemporary Arts, the National Center for Children's Illustrated Literature, The Abilene Zoo, Frontier Texas!, the 12th Armored Division Museum, the Taylor County Expo Center, the Abilene Convention Center, six libraries (three private, three public), 26 public parks, six television stations, a daily newspaper, and several radio stations, including one NPR station (89.5 KACU). Eventually, a landowner north of Buffalo Gap, Clabe Merchant, known as the father of Abilene, chose the name for the new town. , The Presbyterian Medical Care Mission was founded in 1983 as a medical and dental clinic. The historic downtown area is on the north side of the railroad. The petroleum industry is prevalent in the surrounding area, also. Parts of this article (those related to this section) need to be. By the end of 2005, commercial and residential development had reached record levels in and around the city..  It later developed as Hardin–Simmons University. As of October 2019 a couple of buildings were torn down and Hilton developed a new Double Tree hotel. A half-cent sales tax earmarked for economic development was created after the decline in the petroleum business in the 1980s. It also educates 6,000 area students yearly. ", The Moreland-Shaheen House, 1120 Elmwood Drive, is a 1946 Art Moderne dwelling, shaded by six fruit trees, and is also referred to as the "Sugar House" because Henry Moreland operated the Abilene. Fane Downs, ed. Paul D. Lack et al. Abilene (Northridge, California: Windsor, 1986). , The United States Postal Service operates the Abilene Post Office and the Abilene Southern Hills Post Office..  It is the county seat of Taylor County. See and feel real Texas -- and to do things you can’t anywhere else. (2000) 115,930; Abilene Metro Area, 160,245; (2010) 117,063; Abilene Metro Area, 165,252. Corrections? In 2012, the Abilene Independent School District deeded the property to the City of Abilene. The city limits extend north into Jones County. It hosts educational and summer programs, as well as special events throughout the year. The 20-story Enterprise Building at 500 Chestnut Street, the highest structure in Abilene, rises to 283 feet above the Plains.
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