blues genre

October 18, 2020 | 0 Comments | Uncategorized

Records. It is similar to the musical instrument that griots and other Africans such as the Igbo[57] played (called halam or akonting by African peoples such as the Wolof, Fula and Mandinka).

Smaller blues labels of this era included Vee-Jay Records and J.O.B. In the 1960s and 1970s, gospel and blues were merged in soul blues music. For instance, for a blues in the key of C, C is the tonic chord (I) and F is the subdominant (IV).

John Lee Hooker's popularity was revived with the album The Healer in 1989. The 12-bar blues structure can be found even in novelty pop songs, such as Bob Dylan's "Obviously Five Believers" and Esther and Abi Ofarim's "Cinderella Rockefella". Electric blues used electric guitars, double bass (gradually replaced by bass guitar), drums, and harmonica (or "blues harp") played through a microphone and a PA system or an overdriven guitar amplifier. In the 1940s, the jump blues style developed. [75] The smooth Louisiana style of Professor Longhair and, more recently, Dr. John blends classic rhythm and blues with blues styles. The style of British blues developed in the UK, when bands such as the Animals, Fleetwood Mac, John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers, the Rolling Stones, the Yardbirds, the supergroup Cream and the Irish musician Rory Gallagher performed classic blues songs from the Delta or Chicago blues traditions. Strongly influenced by Jimmy Reed, swamp blues has a slower pace and a simpler use of the harmonica than the Chicago blues style performers such as Little Walter or Muddy Waters. One blues rock performer, Jimi Hendrix, was a rarity in his field at the time: a black man who played psychedelic rock. King introduced a sophisticated style of guitar soloing based on fluid string bending and shimmering vibrato that influenced many later electric blues guitarists. ; Godrich, John (1970). During the blues revival of the 1960s and '70s, acoustic blues artist Taj Mahal and legendary Texas bluesman Lightnin' Hopkins wrote and performed music that figured prominently in the popularly and critically acclaimed film Sounder (1972). During the 1980s blues also continued in both traditional and new forms. Blues became a code word for a record designed to sell to black listeners. As well festivals such as the Newport Folk Festival[108] brought traditional blues to a new audience, which helped to revive interest in prewar acoustic blues and performers such as Son House, Mississippi John Hurt, Skip James, and Reverend Gary Davis. Gershwin's second "Prelude" for solo piano is an interesting example of a classical blues, maintaining the form with academic strictness. Handy's "The Memphis Blues" followed in the same year. Blues has since evolved from unaccompanied vocal music and oral traditions of slaves into a wide variety of styles and subgenres. [99][100] Expressive guitar solos were a key feature of this music. [19] However, the Christian influence was far more obvious. Blues performances were organized by the Theater Owners Bookers Association in nightclubs such as the Cotton Club and juke joints such as the bars along Beale Street in Memphis. Rockabillies were also said to be 12-bar blues played with a bluegrass beat. Spiritual singing developed because African-American communities could gather for mass or worship gatherings, which were called camp meetings. [36] The first noncommercial recordings of blues music, termed proto-blues by Paul Oliver, were made by Odum for research purposes at the very beginning of the 20th century. Yet, if one looks back further, Arnold also started out singing bluesy songs like 'I'll Hold You in My Heart'. Handy was the first to popularize blues-influenced music among non-black Americans. [6][7], In lyrics the phrase is often used to describe a depressed mood. and the whole world let them peoples go down there free. The use of the harmonic seventh interval is characteristic of blues and is popularly called the "blues seven". 冒頭に古臭いとかオヤジ臭いとか盛大にボロクソ書いたわけだが、それもそのはずで、19世紀後半に発展した音楽ジャンル。 wikipedia先生によると1903年にW・C・ハンディさんがブルースの演奏を見て衝撃を受けて広めたものなんだそうだ。 [119] Prominent jazz, folk or rock performers, such as Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, Miles Davis, and Bob Dylan have performed significant blues recordings. After World War II, new styles of electric blues became popular in cities such as Chicago,[86] Memphis,[87] Detroit[88][89] and St. Louis. Blues guitarist and vocalist Keb' Mo' performed his blues rendition of "America, the Beautiful" in 2006 to close out the final season of the television series The West Wing.

Most blues feature simple, usually three-chord, progressions and have simple structures that are open to endless improvisations, both lyrical and musical. John Lee Hooker's blues is more "personal", based on Hooker's deep rough voice accompanied by a single electric guitar. When this riff was played over the bass and the drums, the groove "feel" was created. In 2003, Martin Scorsese made significant efforts to promote the blues to a larger audience.

"Immigrant, Folk, and Regional Music in the Twentieth Century". King and Howlin' Wolf before he moved to Chicago in 1960. The early African American rock musicians retained the sexual themes and innuendos of blues music: "Got a gal named Sue, knows just what to do" ("Tutti Frutti", Little Richard) or "See the girl with the red dress on, She can do the Birdland all night long" ("What'd I Say", Ray Charles). The blues form, ubiquitous in jazz, rhythm and blues and rock and roll, is characterized by the call-and-response pattern, the blues scale and specific chord progressions, of which the twelve-bar blues is the most common. [11] The lines are often sung following a pattern closer to rhythmic talk than to a melody.

The last chord is the dominant (V) turnaround, marking the transition to the beginning of the next progression. Z. Hill's Down Home Blues (1982) and Little Milton's The Blues is Alright (1984). [127] Jimmie Rodgers, Moon Mullican, Bob Wills, Bill Monroe and Hank Williams have all described themselves as blues singers and their music has a blues feel that is different, at first glance at least, from the later country pop of artists like Eddy Arnold. [84], The transition from country blues to urban blues that began in the 1920s was driven by the successive waves of economic crisis and booms that led many rural blacks to move to urban areas, in a movement known as the Great Migration. [81] Chicago boogie-woogie performers included Clarence "Pine Top" Smith and Earl Hines, who "linked the propulsive left-hand rhythms of the ragtime pianists with melodic figures similar to those of Armstrong's trumpet in the right hand". Gordon's successor at the library was John Lomax.

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