mashhad population

October 18, 2020 | 0 Comments | Uncategorized

[citation needed] Companies such as Smart-innovators in Mashhad are pioneers in electrical and computer technology. The following Shahanshahs had Mashhad as their capital: Mohammad-Reza Shajarian, Singer-songwriter received the Picasso Award, UNESCO Mozart Medal and National Order of Merit (France), Mahmoud Khayami, businessman, philanthropist and Industrialist an Honorary CBE, KSS, GCFO, Manouchehr Eghbal, 65th Prime Minister of Iran, Sayyid Ali Hosseini Khamenei, a Marja and the second and current Supreme Leader of Iran, Jabir ibn Hayyan, was a prominent polymath, a chemist and alchemist, astronomer and astrologer, engineer, geographer, philosopher, physicist, and pharmacist and physician, Anousheh Ansari Iranian-American engineer, co-founder and chairman of Prodea Systems, co-founder and CEO of Telecom Technologies, Inc. (TTI), sponsor of the Ansari X Prize, Heshmat Mohajerani, footballer and former football manager, "Mashhadi" redirects here. Mashhad is a multiethnic city that includes Persians, Baluchis, Daris, Hazrajatis, Turkmen, Uzbeks, Tajiks, Kurds, and Lurs among its residents. The Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, named after the great Iranian poet, is located here and is regarded as the third institution in attracting foreign students, mainly from Lebanon, Syria, Yemen, Bahrain, Central Asian republics. For four days local police and army refused to violate the shrine and the standoff was ended when troops from Azerbaijan arrived and broke into the shrine,[25] killing dozens and injuring hundreds, and marking a final rupture between Shi'ite clergy and the Shah. The people from Mashhad who look East Asian are Iranians of Turkmen ancestry. Pop. Mashhad exports electrical power, gas, minerals, livestock, cotton fibre, saffron, grains, sugar beets, cement, and construction materials. Mashhad also has wetter and drier periods with the bulk of the annual precipitation falling between the months of December and May. Shah Reza Hospital (currently Imam Reza Hospital, affiliated with the Basij organization) was founded in 1934; the sugar factory of Abkuh in 1935; and the Faculty of Medicine of Mashhad in 1939. (6 November 2014). The city is the hometown of some of the most significant Iranian literary figures and artists, such as the poet Mehdi Akhavan-Sales, and Mohammad-Reza Shajarian, the traditional Iranian singer and composer. Source: Iran Meteorological Organization (records), Some photos of Mashhad (The City of Paradise), Colonel Pesian|Colonel Mohammad Taghi Khan Pessyan, Shahrukh (Timurid dynasty), August 20, 1377 – March 12, 1447; ruler of the eastern portion of the empire established by the Central Asian warlord Timur (Tamerlane). Another USD26.5 ml development project for construction of new hangar for aircraft repair facilities and expansion of the west side of the domestic terminal is underway using a BOT contract with the private sector[citation needed]. Updates? The airport is the country's second busiest after Tehran Mehrabad Airport and above Tehran's Imam Khomeini International Airport. A new service from Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan to Mashad, Iran was launched in December 2016.[76]. Some freight trains continue from Sarakhs towards Uzbekistan and to Kazakhstan, but have to change bogies because of the difference in Rail gauge. The number of seminary schools in Mashhad is now thirty nine and there are an estimated 2300 seminarians in the city.[62]. Mashhad (Persian: مشهد‎, romanized: Mašhad [mæʃˈhæd] (listen)), also spelled Mashad or Meshad,[5][6][7] is the second-most-populous city in Iran and the capital of Razavi Khorasan Province. The city is named after the shrine of Imam Reza, the eighth Shia Imam. It was recently restored, and is to be turned into a museum. Renovations to the shrine beginning in the 1970s helped attract larger numbers of visitors. Mashhad was an educational centre, with a considerable number of Islamic schools (madrasas, the majority of them, however, dating from the later afavid period. The second-largest holy city in the world, Mashhad attracts more than 20 million tourists and pilgrims every year, many of whom come to pay homage to the Imam Reza shrine (the eighth Shi'ite Imam). Road 22 travels northwest towards Bojnurd. The 1956 census reflected a population of 241,989 people. [39] There are about 3000–5000 unauthorized residential units in Mashhad,[40] which, as a unique statistic worldwide, has caused various problems in the city. ; formerly named Azadegan League club Mes Sarcheshmeh). In 1998 and 2003 there were student disturbances after the same events in Tehran. The prestige of traditional religious education at Mashhad attracts students, known as Talabeh, or "Mollah" internationally. [66], It is connected to 57 destinations and has frequent flights to 30 cities within Iran and 27 destinations in the Central Asia, the Middle East, East Asia and Europe.[67]. the current headway in peak hours is 4.5 minutes. During the recent years, Mashhad has been a clerical base to monitor the affairs and decisions of state. The project was officially approved in 1968. Daily low temperatures hover around 25–30 °F (roughly −2 °C) in December and January, with highs reaching 45–50 °F (roughly 9 °C) during those months. Mashhad has a semidesert climate. July is usually the hottest month, with lows of about 65 °F (roughly 18 °C) and highs of about 95 °F (roughly 35°C). They are two Mashhad-based daily published by and representing the views of their current and old owners: Foundation of Martyrs and Veterans Affairs and Astan Quds Razavi, respectively. Mashhad is the major trade center of saffron in Iran. On 30 October 2009 (the anniversary of Imam Reza's martyrdom), Iran's then-President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad declared Mashhad to be "Iran's spiritual capital". Several dynasties on, Reza Shah began Mashhad’s modernisation in the early 20th century, bringing in the first power station, buses and population census, counting 76,471 people. The name Mashhad comes from Arabic, meaning a martyrium. Mashhad Urban Railway Corporation (MURCO) is constructing metro and light rail system for the city of Mashhad which includes four lines with 84.5 kilometres (52.5 miles) length. Mashhad was retaken by the Shah Abbas after a long and hard struggle, defeating the Uzbeks in a great battle near Herat as well as managing to drive them beyond the Oxus River. Ashgabat in Turkmenistan is 220 km away and is accessible via Road 22 (AH78). Thus the Dar al-Imarah was known as the Mausoleum of Haruniyyeh. 1951 183,000 During the Safavid era, Mashhad gained even more religious recognition, becoming the most important city of Greater Khorasan, as several madrasah and other structures were built beside the Imam Reza shrine. The city is connected by rail with Tehrān and other Iranian cities, such as Bāfq and Sarakhs, and a rail connection with Herāt in Afghanistan was under way in the early 21st century. It was a major oasis along the ancient Silk Road connecting with Merv to the east. Of days with precipitation equal to or greater than 1 mm in Mashhad by Month 1951–2010", "No. Today, the holy shrine and its museum hold one of the most extensive cultural and artistic treasuries of Iran, in particular manuscript books and paintings. He is said to have walked from Isfahan to Mashhad. Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi and Ahmad Alamolhoda are two members of the Iranian Assembly of Experts from Mashhad. Otherwise, the reign of the blind Shah Rukh, which with repeated short interruptions lasted for nearly half a century, passed without any events of special note. When the Mongol noble who governed the place rebelled and attempted to make himself independent, Miran Shah was sent against him by his father. Mashhad , also spelled Mashad or Meshad, is the second-most-populous city in Iran and the capital of Khorasan-e Razavi Province. Thus the survivors of the massacres migrated to Mashhad. [15] کانون بانک ها و موسسات خصوصی. According to a census done in 2016, this city with a population of exactly 3,001,184 people is the most populous city after Tehran. It was only after the death of Timur Shah (1792) that Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar, the founder of the Qajar dynasty, succeeded in taking Shah Rukh's domains and putting him to death in 1795, thus ending the separation of Khurasan from the rest of Persia. The first phase of line 2 with 8 kilometers and 7 stations is started since 21 February 2017. It is located in the north-eastof the country, near the borders with Turkmenistan and Afghanistan. Every year, millions of pilgrims visit the Imam Reza shrine.

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