Eventually though, one of the palace’s servants betrayed her mistress to the suitors, and now the suitors pressed for a decision to be made. She announced she was weaving a burial shroud for her father-in-law, the former king Laertes, and that she would announce the winner after she finished. So, he advised the king to call for an oath, the Oath of Tyndareus, according to which all suitors would protect the groom and the bride no matter what the outcome would be. In the Odyssey by the ancient bard Homer, Penelope is the wife of Odysseus, the main character of the epic tale. In exchange, Odysseus asked help to marry Penelope. PENELOPEIA (Penelope) was an Epimelid-nymph of Mount Kyllene (Cyllene) in Arkadia (southern Greece) who was the mother by Hermes of the goat-legged god Pan. Penelope eventually appeared in front of the suitors and said that she would marry the suitor that would be able to string Odysseus' bow and shoot an arrow through twelve axe heads. She was faithful to her husband for the 20 years he was at Troy and sailing home. This trick persisted for several months until she was betrayed by a serving woman. She was originally a Spartan princess, daughter of King Icarius and cousin of Helen and Clytaemnestra. She only has one son by Odysseus, Telemachus, who was born just before Odysseus was called to fight in the Trojan War. When Helen was kidnapped (or eloped, according to some accounts) by Paris of Troy, the Oath of Tyndareus was invoked and everyone was summoned to fight against the Trojans; Penelope had just given birth to Odysseus' son, Telemachus, but Odysseus was forced to leave in order to honour his pledge. None of the suitors was able to complete the task, and a disguised Odysseus asked to try; after being successful, he revealed himself and killed the suitors with the help of his son, the goddess Athena, and two of his herdsmen. She was faithful to her husband for the 20 years he was at Troy and sailing home. It was a test of strength, but when presented with the bow, suitor after suitor failed to string it, but suddenly the bow was in the hands of the beggar, and with one easy movement the bow was strung, and shortly afterwards arrows were being unleashed by the disguised Odysseus. She already knew that this was a task that only her husband would have been able to achieve. See Also: Odysseus, Helen, Tyndareus, Oath of Tyndareus, Paris, Telemachus, Trojan War, Laertes, Athena, Penelope: GreekMythology.com - Oct 19, 2020, Greek Mythology iOS Volume Purchase Program VPP for Education App.
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