This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Thor-Heyerdahl, Easy Science for Kids - Biography of Thor Heyerdahl, The Kon-Tiki Museum - Biography of Thor Heyerdahl, Thor Heyerdahl - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Thor Heyerdahl was born October 6, 1914 in the coastal village of Larvik, Norway. Early on the young Heyerdahl developed a passion for camping and other outdoors activities. In 1947 he crossed the Pacific Ocean on the balsawood raft Kon-Tiki. The voyage was recorded in Heyerdahl’s book The Tigris Expedition (1979) and in a documentary film. Heyerdahl attended the University of Oslo, studying zoology and geography, but left before graduating to travel to Polynesia. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The tallest standing Easter Island stone statue (about 37 feet [12 metres] high) after being excavated by Thor Heyerdahl (top right, leaning against statue); it was subsequently partially buried again. It was while on Fatu Hiva in the Marquesas that he began to wonder how Pacific inhabitants had reached the islands. Thor Heyerdahl, (born October 6, 1914, Larvik, Norway—died April 18, 2002, Colla Micheri, Italy), Norwegian ethnologist and adventurer who organized and led the famous Kon-Tiki (1947) and Ra (1969–70) transoceanic scientific expeditions. …dramatically demonstrated by Norwegian scientist, …with which the Norwegian scientist-explorer. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. His mother headed the local museum. From his earliest days, he was an enthusiatic nature lover, and he was inspired by his mother (who was head of the local museum) to take an interest in zoology and nature. For the most part, Heyerdahl’s theories have not been accepted by anthropologists. Himself, Author of books: He was a director and writer, known for, Chile’s Indigenous Filmmakers Make Their Voices Heard, ‘Deadpool,’ ‘Homeland’s’ Morena Baccarin to Star in Espen Sandberg’s Survival Thriller ‘Beast’, Deadpool Actor Ed Skrein To Play The Villain in Disney's Maleficent Sequel. In 1937, fledgling Norwegian zoological researcher Thor Heyerdahl traveled to the South Pacific with his newlywed wife to study the flora and fauna of the isolated Marquesas Islands. Looking for something to watch? He died on April 18, 2002 in Colla Micheri, Liguria, Italy. Updates? Norwegian anthropologist (scientist of human beings—their culture, numbers, characteristics, and relationships) Thor Heyerdahl popularized ideas about common links among ancient cultures worldwide. Thor Heyerdahl (1914–2002) is one of history’s most famous explorers. He subsequently led research expeditions to the Maldive Islands, to Easter Island, and to an archaeological site in Peru. Again, the voyage was described by Heyerdahl in The Ra Expeditions (1971) and was the subject of a documentary film. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... During which month of the year did the first European explorers land at what is now Rio de Janeiro? In 1969 Heyerdahl and a small crew crossed the Atlantic Ocean from Morocco to within 600 miles (965 km) of Central America in a facsimile of an ancient Egyptian reed boat, the Ra, thus confirming the possibility that the pre-Columbian cultures of the Western Hemisphere might have been influenced by Egyptian civilization. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Thor Heyerdahl was born on October 6, 1914 in Larvik, Norway. Thor Heyerdahl was born on October 6, 1914 in Larvik, Norway. Submit a correction or make a comment about this profile, Submit a correction or make a comment about this profile. This was his first expedition to be captured on film, and was later awarded Academy Award for best documentary in 1951. The story of the voyage was related in Heyerdahl’s book Kon-Tiki (1950) and in a documentary motion picture of the same name. He was married to Jacqueline Beer, Yvonne Dedekam-Simonsen and Liv Coucheron-Torp. His father was president of a mineral water plant and a brewery. Thor Heyerdahl, (born October 6, 1914, Larvik, Norway—died April 18, 2002, Colla Micheri, Italy), Norwegian ethnologist and adventurer who organized and led the famous Kon-Tiki (1947) and Ra (1969–70) transoceanic scientific expeditions. He was a director and writer, known for Aku-Aku (1960), Galapagos (1955) and Kon-Tiki (1950). Which Country Deserves The Best Foreign Language Film Oscar? Choose an adventure below and discover your next favorite movie or TV show. Their arrival in Polynesia three and a half months later demonstrated the possibility that the Polynesians may have originated in South America. He was well known for his ocean journeys on primitive rafts and boats that were recorded in books, films, and television programs. Thor Heyerdahl is a world-renowned explorer and archaeologist. Omissions? He was born in 1914, in Larvik, Norway. The expedition began on the Tigris River in Iraq, traveling down the Persian Gulf, across the Arabian Sea to Pakistan, and ending in the Red Sea. Late in 1977 Heyerdahl and an international crew embarked upon the Tigris expedition, a four-month, 4,000-mile (6,400-km) voyage in a craft made of reeds. Heyerdahl’s other books include Aku-Aku: The Secret of Easter Island (1958); Fatu-Hiva: Back to Nature (1974); and Early Man and the Ocean: A Search for the Beginnings of Navigation and Seaborne Civilizations (1979), in which he synthesized the findings of earlier expeditions and provided additional evidence for his theory of cultural diffusion. Thor Heyerdahl, Director: Aku-Aku. Stars Yahya Abdul-Mateen II and Eddie Redmayne share their 5 reasons not to miss The Trial of the Chicago 7 on Netflix. The goal of the Tigris expedition was to establish the possibility that the ancient Sumerians might have used similar means to spread their culture through southwest Asia and the Arabian Peninsula. Corrections? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. On April 28, 1947, Heyerdahl and a small crew sailed from Peru in the primitive raft Kon-Tiki. Both expeditions were intended to prove the possibility of ancient transoceanic contacts between distant civilizations and cultures. Odyssee zur Osterinsel - Die Flossfahrt des Inka-Fürsten, Irrfahrt vor Galápagos - Mit Thor Heyerdahl auf Inka-Spuren, Thor Heyerdahl - en oppdagelsesreisende i vår tid, The Tigris Expedition: In Search of Our Beginnings, Thor Heyerdahl, Otis Carney, Lex Barker, Pamela Mason, Linda Ronstadt, Wenn die anderen Feiern - Geschichten von Sternen, Stars und einfachen Leuten, What to Watch if You Miss the "Game of Thrones" Cast. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Expedition Kon-Tiki (1949, in Swedish)The Kon-Tiki Expedition, By Raft Across the South Seas (1950)Kon-Tiki: Across the Pacific By Raft (1951)American Indians in the Pacific: The Theory behind the Kon-Tiki Expedition (1952)Aku-Aku, The Secret of Easter Island (1958)Kon-Tiki (1960)Sea Routes to Polynesia: American Indians and Early Asiatics in the Pacific (1968)The Ra Expeditions (1971)Fatu-Hiva: Back To Nature (1974)My Lord Jim (1975)The Art of Easter Island (1976)Early Man and The Ocean: A Search for the Beginnings of Navigation and Seaborne Civilizations (1979)The Tigris Expedition: In Search of Our Beginnings (1981)The Maldive Mystery (1986)Easter Island: The Mystery Solved (1989)Pyramids of Tucume: The Quest for Peru's Forgotten City (1995, with others)Green Was the Earth on the Seventh Day: Memories and Journey of a Lifetime (1996)In the Footsteps of Adam: An Autobiography (2000), Do you know something we don't?
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