Tonga is a constitutional monarchy.
Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). 1.5% are mixed Tongans and the rest are European (the majority are British), mixed European, and other Pacific Islanders. Five species have been introduced by humans, and eight are rare or accidental. Tonga's relations with Oceania's regional powers, Australia and New Zealand, are good.. The Tonga form part of what is known as the Bantu ‘botatwe’ languages which are spoken by the Tonga, Ila, Lenje and smaller tribes like the Luya, Sala, Subia and Totela.
In 2001 there were approximately 3,000 or 4,000 Chinese in Tonga, comprising 3 or 4% of the total Tongan population. In 2011, 90% of the adult population were considered overweight using NIH interpretation of body mass index (BMI) data, with more than 60% of those obese.
More cattle are being raised, and beef imports are declining. The processing of coconuts into copra and desiccated (dried) coconut was once the only significant industry, and only commercial export, but deteriorating prices on the world market and lack of replanting brought this once vibrant industry, as in most island nations of the South Pacific, to a complete standstill. The construction of the dam displaced over fifty thousand Tonga and cut off the Tonga from Zambia from the Tonga of Zimbabwe, as previously they were only divided by the river. The elected Minister of Labour, Dr Feleti Sevele, replaced him in the interim. Euless, Texas has a sizable Tongan community. In many Polynesian languages, including Tongan, the word tonga comes from fakatonga, which means "southwards", as the archipelago is the southernmost group of the islands of central Polynesia.
The islands most regularly visited were Ata, 'Eua, Ha'apai, Tongatapu and Vava'u. Together with IRENA, Tonga has charted out a renewable energy based strategy to power the main and outer islands alike. On 5 July 2006, a driver in Menlo Park, California, caused the deaths of Prince Tuʻipelehake ʻUluvalu, his wife, and their driver. In 1928, Queen Salote Tupou III, who was a member of the Free Wesleyan Church of Tonga, established the Free Wesleyan Church as the state religion of Tonga. Like the Bemba tribe, Tonga names are unisex. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Tonga-African-people, Joshua Project - Tonga, Zambezi of Zambia. Tonga used to compete in the Pacific Tri-Nations against Samoa and Fiji, which has now been replaced by the IRB Pacific Nations Cup, which now involves Japan, Canada, and the United States. Most clan totems are animals such as hare (rabbit), cow etc. Later came other Dutch explorers, including Jacob Le Maire (who called on the northern island of Niuatoputapu); and in 1643 Abel Tasman (who visited Tongatapu and Haʻapai). , On 15 March 2012, King George Tupou V contracted pneumonia and was brought to Queen Mary Hospital in Hong Kong. Tonga (/ˈtɒŋ(ɡ)ə/; Tongan: [ˈtoŋa] Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga), officially named the Kingdom of Tonga, is a Polynesian sovereign state and archipelago comprising 169 islands, of which 36 are inhabited. The temperature and rainfall range from 23 °C (73.4 °F) and 1,700 millimetres (66.9 inches) on Tongatapu in the south to 27 °C (80.6 °F) and 2,970 millimetres (116.9 inches) on the more northerly islands closer to the Equator.
The number was especially notable in the 80's and 90's. In Tonga, dating back to Tongan legend, flying bats are considered sacred and are the property of the monarchy.
A child is typically named under the circumstances it was born. They have since appeared in each subsequent Rugby League World Cup tournament. Thus they are protected and cannot be harmed or hunted. The coldest temperature recorded in Tonga was 8.7 °C (47.7 °F) on 8 September 1994 in Fua'amotu. The United States Exploring Expedition visited in 1840.. Tonga, Bantu-speaking people who inhabit the southern portion of Zambia and neighbouring areas of northern Zimbabwe and Botswana. By some published surveys, Tonga has one of the highest obesity rates in the world.
State schools make up for the rest. As a further covering, they don a large square of cloth tied over one shoulder and dropping to their ankles.  Notably, the Keleʻa, produced specifically to critique the government and printed in Tonga by pro-democracy leader ʻAkilisi Pōhiva, was not banned during that time.
Pro-democracy activists burned and looted shops, offices, and government buildings.
The police imprisoned pro-democracy leaders, and the government repeatedly confiscated the newspaper The Tongan Times (printed in New Zealand and sold in Tonga) because the editor had been vocally critical of the king's mistakes. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Lwiindi ceremony takes place during the first weekend of July.
Following the precedents of Queen Sālote and the counsel of numerous international advisors,[who?]
He was later diagnosed with leukaemia. There are approximately 57,000 Tongans and Tongan Americans living in the United States, as of 2012. Tonga perform the Ikale Tahi war dance or Sipi Tau (a form of Kailao) before all their matches. They came very close to upsetting the eventual winners of the 2007 tournament, the South African Springboks, losing 30–25. It also means "south."
 The Constitution of Tonga (Revised 1998) provides for freedom of religion.. Plants grown for both market cash crops and home use include bananas, coconuts, coffee beans, vanilla beans, and root crops such as cassava, sweet potato and taro. , The king proved vulnerable to speculators with big promises and lost reportedly US$26 million to Jesse Bogdonoff, a financial adviser who called himself the king's Court Jester. Formula: (([Population ages 0-15] + [Population ages 65-plus]) ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100.
As a result, flying fox bats have thrived in many of the islands of Tonga.. Tonga has competed in six Rugby World Cups since 1987. In terms of accessories, they wore beaded necklaces, headbands and elephant tail hairs. Mission schools provide about 8% of the primary and 90% of the secondary level of education. However, it was not until the end of World War II when many more Tongans immigrated to the United States.  Tongans first started immigrating to Utah because of their attraction to the abundant amount of LDS congregations in the state. Iron Age settlements from as early as the 7th century have been found in various parts of the Southern Province, with the most popular being Ingombe Ilede which is translated as ‘the sleeping cow’ due to the large fallen baobab tree in the vicinity of the site. , Tonga's postage stamps, which feature colourful and often unusual designs (including heart-shaped and banana-shaped stamps), are popular with philatelists around the world.. The Tongan government supported the American "coalition of the willing" action in Iraq and deployed 40+ soldiers (as part of an American force) in late 2004. The Tonga are known for their intricate basket work. The Munyumbwe baskets are thicker and “woven in deep or shallow bowls”. Licensure criteria include 80% ownership by Tongans living in the country. Numbering more than one million in the early 21st century, the Tonga are concentrated along the Zambezi Escarpment and along the shores of Lake Kariba. According to Baskets of Africa, they are “traditionally used for winnowing grain.
They also made offerings at shrines for rain. Aside from rugby, Tonga has also produced athletes who have competed at both the Summer and Winter Olympics. From 1900 to 1970, Tonga had British protected state status, with the United Kingdom looking after its foreign affairs under a Treaty of Friendship. Tongan Americans are Americans who can trace their ancestry to Tonga, officially known as the Kingdom of Tonga.There are approximately 57,000 Tongans and Tongan Americans living in the United States, as of 2012. As of 2011, Utah has around 30 branches of Tongan Latter-day Saint churches. Prime Minister Prince ʻAhoʻeitu ʻUnuakiʻotonga Tukuʻaho (Lavaka Ata ʻUlukālala) (now King Tupou VI) resigned suddenly on 11 February 2006, and also gave up his other cabinet portfolios. For both types of pipes, conically shaped tobacco plugs were used.
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